While Costa Rica is known for its lush green vegetation and unique wildlife, its neighbouring country of Panama is instead famed for Latin dance and arts culture. Plus, the Panamanian adoption of the US Dollar makes it easy for visitors from the States, as it presents as a melting pot of traditional Latin and new wave American culture.
So it’s no wonder that many are choosing to extend their trip to Costa Rica, and Panama is the obvious choice. But when transiting the border from Costa Rica to Panama, there are a few different options to know about.
In this guide, we'll take a look at:
Costa Rica- Panama border
Taking the bus
How to cross the border
Cruising / Sailing the border
Our travel recommendations
Costa Rica – Panama Border
There is an enormous flow of people moving through the Costa Rica- Panama border. Not just tourists, local migrants also use these channels to move between locations. Border crossing can be a nerve-wracking experience for even the most well-travelled among us, but resting in the knowledge that this is an incredibly popular route (which thousands of people use every single day) may make things easier.
With the distance from San Jose, Costa Rica to Panama City, Panama just a 12-hour drive, the Costa Rica-Panama border should make a trip through Central America one of the simplest journeys in the world.
Costa Rica to Panama Map
There are various different crossing methods and locations when travelling from Costa Rica to Panama or vice versa. Your last stop in Costa Rica will determine which land border to use.
The Pasos Canoas border is best if travelling from the Pacific Coast side of Costa Rica. This includes Tamarindo, Jaco, Monteverde, La Fortuna, and Manuel Antonio to name a few of the most popular tourist towns.
The other border, Sixaola, is on the Caribbean side and is best used if your last destination in Costa Rica is Puerto Viejo or Limon and if you want to travel to Bocas Del Toro in Panamá.
Finally, those wanting to go from capital to capital (San Jose Costa Rica to Panama City) would probably prefer to take the one hour flight.
Bus from Costa Rica to Panama
Let’s start with the most common method of transportation: Costa Rica to Panama bus. Now, when imagining a Central American bus, experienced travellers may cringe at old memories of over-crowded ‘chicken’ bus rides, with rickety squeaking brakes and worn down wheels. Fortunately, Costa Rican buses pull out all the stops.
These buses are built with long journeys in mind, which means plenty of legroom and padding on the seats. Most bus companies will supply one bus to drop travellers at the border on the Costa Rican side, while another waits to pick them up on the Panama side.
What do you need to cross the border by land?
When bussing or driving Costa Rica to Panama, there are several things to bring. Although most of these also apply to air and sea travel, getting from Costa Rica to Panama by bus does have one nuance: the exit fee of approx $8USD. Alternatively, those travelling from Costa Rica to Panama by air will have a $29USD fee included in their ticket price.
Passport– it should be valid for at least 6 months from entry. Depending on the border agent that you’ll deal with, you may also be required to have 2 copies of the passport. It’s in your best interest to have these ready, even if you won’t be asked for them.
Costa Rica exit fee– 8 USD payable in Costa Rican Colones which is approximately 5,220 CRC
Pen to fill out Costa Rica’s exit form
Proof of exit out of Panama (onward travel) – this could be a valid air or bus ticket to prove that you plan to leave Panama and return to your country of ownership.
Proof of sufficient funds (at least 500 USD for 3 months’ worth) – this can be in cash or a credit card that bears your name. You could also bring a bank statement or print one at any of the cash machines nearby.
Panama Entry fee- payable in dollars or Balboas. This payment doesn’t seem too official, but you can still be held at the border until you part with 1 USD – 4 USD. In exchange, you get a small sticker that you attach to your passport.
Panama requires non-vaccinated travellers to take an antigen or negative PCR test at present. This is likely to be subject to change, so ensure you complete a quick covid google search at least a week before trying to cross the border in case tests are required.
How to cross the border
Your bus will drop you off a few minutes’ walk to the immigration office. Upon alighting the bus;
1. Pay your Costa Rica departure tax first
There is a machine inside the immigration office, but it does not work most of the time. There are a couple of offices directly opposite the immigration offices where you can pay manually. Look for any outlet written ‘Impuestos’ and pay 8 USD. You’ll be issued with a receipt after payment. Be sure not to lose it.
2. Get an exit stamp out of Costa Rica
After paying your departure tax, cross the highway, and head directly to the immigration office. It’s a huge structure painted blue and white and with concrete pillars. Look for a window with a blue placard written ‘Salida del Pais.’
Before queueing, cut to the front and ask the attendant to issue you with Costa Rica’s exit form. You’ll need to fill out this form as you slowly near the window.
The form asks for basic information, including your name, passport number, and destination.
Upon reaching the window, you’ll be required to present;
The filled exit form
Exit fee receipt
Upon verification, the agent will stamp an exit stamp on your passport, and you’ll be good to head to Panama’s Migration offices.
3. Get Panama Entrance Stamp
Once your passport has been stamped, you’ll need to make a 5-10 minutes walk to the Panama Migration offices. Since this building can be a tad hard to locate, either follow other people coming from the Costa Rica Migration offices or ask. Most locals are always willing to help.
All in all, it’s a large, modern structure (much better than that of Costa Rica) with a slew of glass window counters.
Before joining any queue, you’ll need to pay 1 USD to a person seated outside the office entrance. This fee is for the necessary paper stamp that you need to enter Panama.
4. Speak to a migration official
After getting the paper stamp, join the entrada line and wait to speak to an agent. He/she will ask you a few questions, for instance, your destination and how long your visit is expected to last.
You’ll be required to show your proof of sufficient funds, which could be a 3-month bank statement, a credit card with your name, or 500 USD in cash. Lastly, you may be required to show proof of onward travel, which could either be a bus ticket or an air ticket out of Panama.
The last step before you are allowed to get into Panama from Costa Rica is having your fingerprints and photo taken. Your passport will then be stamped with an entry stamp.
When getting from Costa Rica to Panama by land on the Caribbean side, most people will cross via the Sixaola border. This is just a 40-minute drive from the popular surf town of Puerto Viejo, and 2 and a half hours from Bocas del Toro islands in Panama.
Here are the details for how to travel from Costa Rica to Panama from Puerto Viejo to Bocas del Toro:
Note that the bus comes once every half an hour to Puerto Viejo and that due to other stops on the way, the bus takes approximately 90 minutes.
Catch the bus from the town’s central station.
The border closes at 5.30 pm but the timezone in Panama is one hour ahead. Account for this, and the fact that sometimes there are long queues at the border so leave several hours leeway.
Once through the border, a collectivo is both the fastest and easiest way to reach Bocas del Toro. These will stop at Almirante, where walking or a taxi is then required to reach the ferry terminal.
The other option is to take a few buses, the first one from Sixaola to Changuinola and then change to the bus heading to David and ask to be dropped in Almirante. From there either walk or catch a taxi to the boat terminal, where you can catch the 30-minute water taxi to Bocas Town.
Paso Canoas Border
For visitors to the pacific towns of Jaco and Manuel Antonio on their trip to Costa Rica and Panama, the Paso Canoas border will be a better choice if crossing by land. This also makes more sense for those wanting to explore Panama city or any location on the pacific side of Panama.
Here are some things to note:
The Tracopa bus is the major operator for this journey. This service provider is known for its comfortable buses and reportedly safe travels. See the location below in Manuel Antonio.
Those coming from Jaco (or any other location along the coastline) will have to get an initial bus to the nearby town of Quepos, where the Tracopa bus stops after Manuel Antonio.
This bus requires tickets to be bought in advance, so ensure this is done prior to trying to board.
While there is no single bus to travel from Costa Rica to Panama, it is possible to buy a single ticket which includes transfers. This should cost around 25,000CRC, or just under $40USD. It will take around 18 hours to reach Panama City.
The Paso Canoas is among the busiest Panama Costa Rica crossing borders due to commercial traffic. Needless to mention, going through can be very chaotic for first-timers.
It gets even worse, especially for those who are detained at the immigration offices for lacking any of the necessary documents. Mind you, in the case of being underprepared, chances are that the bus will leave with no refund.
Flights from Costa Rica to Panama
Flying from Costa Rica to Panama is likely going to be the most convenient option, even though it costs significantly more than the bus. For tourists without time on their side, this method of transportation will likely make the most sense. This is especially true for those travelling straight from Panama city to Costa Rica since it is situated at the south end of the country whereas Costa Rica is to the north.
Costa Rica has two major international airports: San Juan Santamaria (near San Jose), and Liberia (near the towns of Tamarindo, Santa Teresa and Nosara). From San Juan Santamaria, the flight to Panama city takes just over an hour and should cost between $150 and $200.
These flights occur daily and the two local airlines, Copa Air and Avianca are likely to offer the best rates, as well as the most frequent schedule.
What do you need to cross the border by air?
When flying from Costa Rica to Panama, there is already a $29 exit fee included in your plane ticket price. Here are some other things that you will need:
Passport with at least six months validity when entering the country
Negative PCR or antigen for non-vaccinated travellers
A return or onwards ticket
At least $500 in cash or credit card to last no more than three months in Panama
Note that there are likely to be weight restrictions on luggage (usually between 20-25kg on a checked bag) while the land border does not have a weight restriction
Cruise from Costa Rica to Panama
Did you know that you can sail your way around Costa Rica and through the Panama canal? A much more leisurely journey, this is all about seeing the sights along the way instead of getting from A to B.
Getting from Costa Rica to Panama city by sea could actually take up to 14 days, with plenty of stops along the way to show you the volcanoes, natural rainforest and beautiful beach towns of both countries. It is a much more luxurious way to travel, so will likely cost a small fortune in comparison to the other methods of transport.
For those who enjoy cruising the waters, why not carry on the adventure and head towards Colombia through the San Blas islands? An archipelago made up of 378 islands, they are home to a unique indigenous population and are the closest thing to paradise islands that most of us will ever find.
What do you need to cross the border by sea?
‘Crossing the border’ from Costa Rica to Panama in this case will actually occur when you enter the first port in Panama. A passport, valid for more than 6 months from arrival is required, alongside a negative covid test for those who are unvaccinated.
Panama to Costa Rica
Fortunately, pretty much everything mentioned in this article can be reversed for getting from Panama to Costa Rica. The entry and exit requirements are the only things that are likely to change slightly as the focus turns toward Costa Rican regulations.
Where to Stay in Panama
After learning how to get from Costa Rica to Panama, there are a few different places in Panama that should be on the list to see.
Explore and enjoy all that Panamá has to offer, from #islandlife in Bocas Del Toro, epic waves on the Pacific Coast and a diverse capital city of old traditions and architecture effectively pieced together with the modern world in Panamá City. Whether you’re a digital nomad, a curious backpacker or holiday-maker, Selina’s Panamá accommodation is sure to give you the atmosphere and facilities you’re seeking.
How long is a flight from San Jose to Panama city?
Getting from Panama to Costa Rica, or vice versa, only takes one hour on a plane. The local airlines are Copa Air and Avianca, with both offering competitively prices fares. There are multiple flights per day between these locations and the journey should be simple.
Which is best, flying or taking a bus from Costa Rica to Panama?
It really depends on how you prefer to travel; including your level of comfort and available budget. Plus, the origin and destination of your journey will determine the most convenient method of transport.
The fastest way to travel is by plane, and this is recommended for journeys to Panama city. However, getting from David Panama to San Jose Costa Rica is much easier as it is only a six-hour bus ride.
Where to stay in Panama once you’ve arrived?
Selina offers six destinations in Panama, including: Panama City, Playa Venao, Venao River, Bocas del Toro, Red Frog and Boquete. No matter where you choose, the trip is bound to be filled with unforgettable and unique experiences, all fueled by Panama’s local people. Selina offers six destinations in Panama, including: Panama City, Playa Venao, Venao River, Bocas del Toro, Red Frog and Boquete. No matter where you choose, the trip is bound to be filled with unforgettable and unique experiences, all fueled by Panama’s local people.